Digital photography is a form of photography that uses cameras containing arrays of electronic photo-detectors to capture images focused by a lens. The captured images are digitized and stored as a computer file ready for further digital processing, viewing, digital publishing or printing. Digital photographs are typically created solely by computer-based photoelectric and mechanical techniques, without wet bath chemical processing.
Digital photography has opened new dimensions in the field of photography. It is a type of still Photography. The following top 10 basic digital photography tips for beginners will surely help to take some great quality shots for your Wedding Photography, Landscaping Photography, Wildlife Photography or Night Photography
1. Compose in Thirds
The First, among 10 digital photography basic tips for beginners, is to understand and follow the rule of thirds. The rule of thirds states that an image is most pleasing and interesting to eye, when its subjects or regions are composed along imaginary lines which divide the image into thirds - the position of different elements in a frame - both vertically and horizontally. In the rule of thirds, imagine four lines, two lying horizontally across the image and two vertical creating nine even squares. This gives you a more dramatic, visually interesting shot than one where you subject is located dead center. Some images will look best with the focal point in the center square, but placing the subject off center will often create a more aesthetically composed photograph
2. Avoid Camera Shake
Digital Photography is Still Photography. The most common mistake people make is camera shake. When you move the camera inadvertently at the time you press the shutter, you risk the chance of blurring your image or reducing the sharpness of the image. So, hold your camera firrly with support, to avoid camera shake. For this purpose, use your both hands, one around the body of camera and the other around the lens. Always hold the camera close to your body for support. Buying a good quality tripod or monopod is always considered a good investment. It helps to keep the camera absolutely still for capturing photos in motion. In absence of this, use support of a tree or a wall to stabilize yourself and the camera.
3. Use Simple Backgrounds
Simplicity is always best. To avoid unnecessary distraction of viewer, keep background of your image simple. Try to use a plain background with neutral colors or simple patterns. This is vital in a shot where the subject is placed off center.
4. Direction of Lighting
The word "photography" comes from two Greek words, ‘photos’ = light, and ‘graphis’ = drawing. A photographer has to capture light into an still image. If you shoot with the sun directly behind you, It will create a boring and flat light on the subject. So, avoid it. All digital photography beginners are requested to keep in mind that, lighting is a key factor in creating a successful image.
5. Use a Polarizing Filter
Polarizing filter will protect your lens and it also helps to reduce reflections from water as well as metal and glass. It improves the colors of the sky and foliage. The circular polarizer is recommended.
6. Create a Sense of Depth
Creating a sense of depth, especially in landscape photography, makes the viewer feel like they are there. Placing an object or person in the foreground is a good trick for creating a sense of depth. This helps to give sense of how far away the distance is. It’s better to use a wide-angle lens and a smaller aperture to keep the foreground and background sharp.
7. Using Flash
Get the skill to use or avoid flash. Avoid flash for indoor portraits, it creates harsh and unnatural images. If sun is creating shadows on your subject, use flash. While using flash, keep your subject away from walls.
8. Use The Right ISO
The ISO speed is a direct reference to the sensitivity of the film to the light. Hence the higher the ISO speeds, the better is its sensitivity to light and vice versa. The "normal" range of ISO is about 200 to 1600. The ISO we choose depends on the situation – when it’s dark we need to push the ISO up to a higher number, as this will make the camera more sensitive to light and then we can avoid blurring. On sunny days we can choose ISO between 100 -200 or the Auto setting as we have more light to work with.
9. Experimenting with Shutter Speed
To have better images, you should go on experimenting with shutter speed, it will give some interesting effects to your images. For night Photography, use a tripod and try shooting with the shutter speed set at 4 seconds. You will see that the movement of the object is captured along with some light trails. If you choose a faster shutter speed, the trails will not be as long or bright; instead you will freeze the action.
10. Use of photo-editing software
The last digital photography basic tip for Beginners is proper use of photo-editing software. These softwares help to spruce up a photo especially in times of emergencies. It is a boon especially for those times when recreation of a scene is almost impossible. So, always have a good photo-editing software in your kit.
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