Shaheed Bhagat Singh is one of the most influential revolutionaries of Indian Nationalist Movement. Popular songs like the “Mohe rang de basanti chola” and “Sarfaroshiki Tamanna” associated with Bhagat Singh are still relevant in inspiring patriotic emotions in the Indians. Numerous books, articles and papers have been written about his life, ideologies and legacy.
Dear readers, from last few days, I was thinking about writing something which inspired me and my life a lot. But after thinking a many a times, one person was coming again again in front of my eyes and he is none other than Shaheed Bhagat Singh, the most influential revolutionaries of indian nationalist movement. And I decided to write a short essay on the life of this legend Bhagat Singh. So here I go..
Bhagat Singh Essay
Bhagat Singh, a Sandhu Jat, born in a politically active family from Punjab at Chak No. 105 GB, Banga Village, Jaranwala Tehsil in Lyallpur district of the Punjab Province of British India (presently a part of Pakistan). Bhagat Singh's Birthdate is 27th September, 1907.
Bhagat Singh Family
He was third son of Kishan Singh and Vidhyavati. At the time of birth, his father and two uncles, Ajit Singh and Swaran Singh got released from jail on account for Colonization Bill implementation in 1906. As his family members were Sikhs, some members are active part of Indian Independence Movements and some of Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s Army (leader of Sikh Empire). His grandfather Arjun Singh followed Swami Dayananada Saraswati’s Hindu reformist movement, Arya Samaj, which had a great impression on Bhagat Singh. Bhagat Singh’s father and uncles were members of the Ghadar party, led by Kartar Singh Sarabha, Bhai Parmanand and Har Dayal, who was part of Indian Sikh revolutionary. His uncle Ajit Singh was forced into fly to Iran due to 22 court cases against him, meanwhile Swaran Singh died at Lahore in his home in 1910 after his release from the jail.
Bhagat Singh's Education
- Bhagat Singh studied till fifth standard in the village school.
- He didn’t take admission in Khalsa High School in Lahore as that school has its loyality towards British government. He took admission in Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School (a non government educational organization), an Arya Samaj Institute.
- In 1923, he joined National College in Lahore, where he took part in extra-curriculum activities and won in essay competition set by the Punjab Hindi Sahitya Sammelan in which he mentioned the problem faced in the Punjab. He wrote this essay after getting inspired through Young Italy movement of Giuseppe Mazzini.
How Bhagat Singh Became Patriotic
The two incidents which made him patriotic were,
- In 1919, when he was 12 years old, he went to see Jallianwala Bagh massacre (Amritsar massacre), where thousands of people gathered at a public meeting and had been killed.
- In 1921, when he was 14 years old, he belongs to those people who welcome the protestors against killing of large number of unarmed people at Gurudwara Nankana Sahib on 20th Feburary, 1921.
Desh Bhakt (Freedom Fighter) Bhagat Singh
- Bhagat Singh was disappointed with Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence after he called off the non – cooperation movement (significant phase of the Indian independence movement in British rule).
- In 1922, Gandhi's decision followed the violent murders of policemen by villagers who were reacting to the police killing three villagers in Chauri Chaura incident (occurred on 5 February 1922 in the Gorakhpur district of the United Province, British India, when a large group of protesters, participating in the Non-cooperation movement, clashed with police, who opened fire).
- He joined the Young Revolutionary Movement and began to advocate for the violent overthrow of the British Government in India.
- In March 1926, he founded the Indian nationalist youth organisation Naujawan Bharat Sabha.
- He also joined the Hindustan Republican Association, which had dominant leaders, such as Chandrashekhar Azad, Ram Prasad Bismil and Shahid Ashfaqallah Khan (a freedom fighter in Indian Independence Movement).
- When he was pursuing Bachelor of Administration (B.A.) his parents planned a marriage for him, So to avoid an arranged marriage, Singh ran away to Cawnpore (Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh).
- In May 1927, police became concerned with Singh's influence on youths and arrested him for the involvement in a bombing that had taken place in Lahore in October 1926. He was released after five weeks with a surety of Rs. 60,000.
- He wrote and edited, Urdu and Punjabi newspapers, published in Amritsar in Punjab and also contributed to low-priced pamphlets published by the Naujawan Bharat Sabha against the British. He wrote for Kirti, the journal of the Kirti Kisan Party ("Workers and Peasants Party") and briefly for the Veer Arjun newspaper, published in Delhi.
- In 1929 Assembly Incident Trial: The dramatic demonstration of protest was met with widespread criticisms from the political arena. Singh responded – “Force when aggressively applied is 'violence' and is, therefore, morally unjustifiable, but when it is used in the furtherance of a legitimate cause, it has its moral justification.”
Bhagat Singh's Memorials
- On 15 August 2008, an 18-foot tall bronze statue of Bhagat Singh was installed in the Parliament of India, next to the statues of Indira Gandhi and Subhas Chandra Bose. A portrait of Singh and Dutt also adorns the walls of the Parliament House.
- The National Martyrs Memorial, built at Hussainiwala in memory of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru.
- The first exhibition that was organised was the Trial of Bhagat Singh, which opened on 28 September 2007, on account of celebrations of Singh's birth.
- In September 2007, the Governor of Punjab, Pakistan, Khalid Maqbool, announced that a memorial to Singh would be displayed at the Lahore Museum. According to the governor, Singh was the first martyr of the subcontinent and his example was followed by many youths of the time. However, the promise was not fulfilled.
Bhagat Singh's Books
- Why I Am an Atheist: An Autobiographical Discourse
- The Jail Notebook and Other Writings
- Ideas of a Nation
Bhagat Singh's Death
He died at just the age of 23, on 23rd March, 1931 at 7:30 a.m. Bhagat singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev was hanged in Lahore jail. The followers and supporters of Bhagat Singh acknowledge him as Shaheed / martyr.
Bhagat Singh - Films and Songs
- “Shaheed Bhagat Singh” (1963)
- “Shaheed” (1965)
- 23 March 1931: Shaheed
- The Legend of Bhagat Singh in which Ajay Devgan playing role of Bhagat Singh and got National film award for best actor 2002.
- In 2006 Rang De Basanti is a film drawing parallels between revolutionaries of Bhagat Singh's era and on modern Indian youth.
Popular songs like the “Mohe rang de basanti chola” and “Sarfaroshiki Tamanna” associated with Bhagat Singh are still relevant in inspiring patriotic emotions in the Indians. Numerous books, articles and papers have been written about his life, ideologies and legacy.